By definition, counselling is a talking therapy which is given by either people who have trained on counselling skills or individuals with past experiences, to individuals in the society so that they can into terms with problems they are experiencing with the aim of helping them overcome the problems and make them feel better. Counselling can also be defined as a process that people seek when they want to change their lives or when they want to explore the deeper depth of their feelings; it allows people to have a discussion on their problems in a safe and an environment that is confidential. Counselling clinics have counsellors who encourage the individual with a problem to be discussed, so that he is able to uncover the root causes of the problem and identify specific way the patient thinks; this helps him in coming up with a plan of either helping the patient overcome the problem or ways of coping with the situation at hand.
The counsellors applies different forms of counselling when serving his patents so that the patient has a peace of mind at the end of the process. Number one classification of counselling types is the face to face type; for this variety, the patient seeks an appointment with the counsellor usually at his place of practice, the face to face method is liked by most people as it provides the patient with the opportunity to react to emotions as they arise. Number two classification of counselling methods is the individual or group counselling type which involves the patient deciding either to talk to the counsellor alone or join a group of patients with similar problems; group counseling is helpful to the patients who have low self-esteem or those who feel shy sharing their problems out as well as helping them in creating a support network. The third classification is telephone counselling whereby the patient calls the counselor on phone to get the necessary aid, this works especially if the counsellor is too busy to make face to face sessions or far away as well as enabling patients who shy face to face meeting with the counsellor. Online counselling is the last classification where the patients who fear face to phase or telephone counseling prefer to use emails in writing to receive counselling services.
Examples of therapies offered by the counsellor are art therapy, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy and humanistic therapies. The fisrt advantage of counselling is the services that help a patient overcome problems of addiction. Counselling helps those people who have lost their loved ones come into terms with the situation. Counselling helps an individual overcome the challenge of metal health and the effects of bullying in one’s life. Another benefit of counselling the ability to help someone overcome challenges of trauma and relationship issues.